পূর্ববর্তী লেখা    পরবর্তী লেখা
পুরো লিস্ট দেখুন

প্রেসক্রিপশন বুঝতে

চিকিৎসকের প্রেসক্রিপশন পড়ে ওষুধ বের করার কাজটা পুরোপুরি ফার্মেসী কর্মীর ওপর ছেড়ে দেয়াটা বুদ্ধিমানের কাজ নয়। কারণ ছোট একটি ভুলের জন্য অনেক বড় মাশুল দিতে হতে পারে।

 

সাধারণত চিকিৎসকগণ কিছু ল্যাটিন শব্দের সংক্ষিপ্ত রূপ ব্যবহার করে প্রেসক্রিপশন লেখেন।  সচেতন রোগী হিসেবে প্রেসক্রিপশন লেখার সময়ই এগুলো বুঝে নেয়ার চেষ্টা করা উচিত। সেটা সম্ভব না হলে সহকারীর কাছ থেকে বুঝে নেয়া উচিত। কাজেই ছোটখাটো কোন ভুল হয়ে থাকলে এ পর্যায়ে সেটা ধরা পড়ে।

 

তাছাড়া অতীতে কোন ওষুধে রোগীর গুরুতর কোন পার্শ্বপ্রতিক্রিয়ার ইতিহাস থাকলে সেটাও সাথে সাথে জানালে চিকিৎসক ওষুধ বদলে দিতে পারেন।

 

কোন ওষুধ চলাকালীন সময়ে মারাত্মক পার্শ্বপ্রতিক্রিয়া দেখা দিলে সেটাও চিকিৎসককে জানানো উচিত।

 

ওষুধ কেনা:

অনেক চিকিৎসক প্রেসক্রিপশন টাইপ করিয়ে দেন, কিন্তু অধিকাংশই হাতে লিখে দেন। হাতে লেখা প্রেসক্রিপশনটি পড়ে সঠিক মাত্রার সঠিক ওষুধটি দেয়া হচ্ছে কিনা সেটা সচেতন রোগীমাত্রই সতর্কতার সাথে মিলিয়ে দেখতে চাইবেন।

 

আবার ওষুধ কখন, কিভাবে খেতে হবে সেটা বোঝাও জরুরি। এজন্য বহুল ব্যবহৃত শব্দ সংক্ষেপগুলো সহায়ক হতে পারে।

 

ওষুধ না পাওয়া গেলে:

ওষুধের তিন ধরনের নামের কথা বলা যায়: কেমিকেল নেম বা রাসায়নিক নাম, জেনেরিক নেম এবং ব্র্যান্ড নেম। কেমিকেল নেম রসায়ন শাস্ত্রের দৃষ্টিকোণ থেকে রাসায়নিক গঠনের ওপর ভিত্তি করে হয়। আর জেনেরিক নেম ঐ রাসায়নিকের প্রচলিত নাম। অন্যদিকে একটি ওষুধ বাজারজাত করার সময় সংশ্লিষ্ট কোম্পানি একটি নাম দেয়, এটিই ব্র্যান্ড নেম।

 

যেমন: প্যারাসিটামল হচ্ছে জেনেরিক নেম, আর নাপা, এইস ইত্যাদি ব্র্যান্ড নেম। অর্থাৎ নাপা কিংবা এইস সেবনের অর্থ একই। কাজেই চিকিৎসকের লেখা ব্র্যান্ড নেমের ওষুধ না পাওয়া গেলে একই জেনেরিক নেম ও ক্ষমতার অন্য ওষুধ কেনা যেতে পারে। তবে অনেকসময় চিকিৎসকগণ নির্দিষ্ট একটি ব্র্যান্ড নেমের ওষুধই যে সেবন করতে হবে সেটা লিখে দেন।

প্রেসক্রিপশনে ব্যবহৃত সংকেত বা শব্দসংক্ষেপ

 

অন্যান্য শব্দ সংক্ষেপ

 

প্রেসক্রিপশনে ব্যবহৃত সংকেত বা শব্দসংক্ষেপ

 

প্রতীক         উৎপত্তি             অর্থ

à à                                            ana                                                         of each

a.c.                                          ante cibum                                             before meals

ad                                            ad                                                           to, up to

ad lib.                                      ad libitum                                               freely as desired

alt. dieb.                                  alternis diebus                                      every other day

alt. hor.                                   alternis horis                                         alternate hours

alt. noct.                                 alternis noctes                                      alternate nights

aq.                                           aqua                                                       water

aq. dest.                                 aqua destillata                                       distilled water

b.i.d.                                        bis in die                                                two times a day

b.i.n.                                        bis in noctis                                          two times a night

c.                                             cum                                                        with

Cap.                                        capiat                                                     let him take

caps.                                       capsula                                                  capsule

c.m.s.                                      cras mane sumendus                           to be taken tomorrow morning

c.n.                                          cras nocte                                             tomorrow night

c.n.s.                                       cras nocte sumendus                           to be taken tomorrow night

comp.                                     compositus                                           compound

Det.                                         detur                                                       let it be given

Dieb. tert.                                diebus tertiis                                          every third day

dil.                                           dilutus                                                    dilute

elix.                                         elixir                                                       elixir

ext.                                          extractum                                               extract

fld.                                           fluidus                                                    fluid

Ft.                                            fiat                                                          make

g                                              gramme                                                  gram

gr                                            granum                                                  grain

gt                                             gutta                                                       a drop

gtt                                            guttae                                                     drops

h.                                             hora                                                       hour

h.d.                                         hora decubitus                                      at bedtime

h.s.                                          hora somni                                            hour of sleep (bedtime)

M.                                            misce                                                     mix

m.                                            minimum                                                a minim

mist.                                        mistura                                                   mixture

non rep.                                 non repetatur                                        not to be repeated

noct.                                       nocte                                                      in the night

O                                             octarius                                                  pint

ol.                                            oleum                                                     oil

o.d.                                         omni die                                                every day

o.h.                                         omni hora                                              every hour

o.m.                                         omni mane                                            every morning

o.n.                                         omni nocte                                            every night

os                                            os                                                           mouth

oz                                            uncia                                                      ounce

p.c.                                          post cibum                                             after meals

per                                          per                                                          through or by

pil.                                           pilula                                                      pill

p.o.                                         per os                                                    orally

p.r.n.                                       pro re nata                                             when required

q.d.                                         quaque die                                            everyday

q.h.                                         quaque hora                                          every hour

q. 2 h.                                                                                                     every two hours

q. 3 h.                                                                                                     every three hours

q. 4 h.                                                                                                     every four hours

q.i.d.                                       quater in die                                          four times a day

q.l.                                           quantum libet                                         as much as desired

q.n.                                         quaque nocte                                        every night

q.p.                                         quantum placeat                                   as much as desired

q.v.                                          quantum vis                                           as much as you please

q.s.                                          quantum sufficit                                     as much as is required

                                                recipe                                                     take

Rep.                                        repetatur                                                let it be repeated

s                                              sine                                                        without

seq. luce.                                sequenti luce                                         the following day

Sig. or S.                                signa                                                      write on label

s.o.s.                                       si opus sit                                              if necessary

sp.                                           spiritus                                                   spirits

ss                                            semis                                                     a half

stat.                                         statim                                                     immediately

syr.                                          syrupus                                                  syrup

t.d.s.                                        ter die sumendum                                 to be taken three times daily

t.i.d.                                         ter in die                                                three times a day

t.i.n.                                         ter in nocte                                            three times a night

tr. or tinct.                               tinctura                                                   tincture

ung.                                        unguentum                                            ointment

ut. dict.                                    ut dictum                                                asdirected

vin.                             vini                                       wine

 

 

 

অন্যান্য শব্দ সংক্ষেপ

 

A                                              Accommodation; acetum; angström unit;

                                                    anode; anterior

a                                              Accommodation; ampere; anterior; area

A2                                            Aortic second sound

ABG                                        Arterial blood gas

ABO                                        Three basic blood groups

AC                                           Alternating current; air conduction;

                                                    axiocervical; adrenal cortex

acc.                                         Accommodation

ACE                                         Adrenocortical extract

ACh                                         Acetylcholine

ACH                                        Adrenocortical hormone

ACTH                                      Adrenocorticotropic hormone

AD                                           Right ear (auris dextra)

add                                         Add to (adde)

ADH                                        Antidiuretic hormone

ADL                                         Activities of daily living

ADS                                         Antidiuretic substance

A/G; A-G ratio                        Albumin-globulin ratio

Ag                                           Silver, antigen

ah                                            Hypermetropic astigmatism

AHF                                         Antihemophilic factor

AIDS                                        Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

aj                                             Ankle jerk

Al                                             Aluminum

Alb                                           Albumin

ALH                                         Combined sex hormone of the

                                                    anterior lobe of the hypophysis

ALT                                         Alanine aminotransferase

                                                    (formerly SGPT)

alt. dieb.                                  Every other day (alternis diebus)

alt. hor.                                   Alternate hours (alternis horis)

alt. noct.                                 Alternate nights (alternis noctes)

Am                                           Mixed astigmatism

AM                                           Morning

a.m.a.                                      Against medical advice

amp.                                        Ampere

ana                                          So much of each, or

anat                                         Anatomy or anatomic

AO                                           Anodal opening;

                                                    atrioventricular valve openings

AOP                                        Anodal opening picture

AOS                                        Anodal opening sound

A-P; AP; A/P                            Anterior-posterior

A.P.                                         Anterior pituitary gland

APA                                         Antipernicious anemia factor

AQ                                           Achievement quotient

AR                                           Alarm reaction

ARC                                        Anomalous retinal correspondence;

                                                    AIDS-related complex

ARD                                        Acute respiratory disease

arg                                          Silver

As                                            Arsenic

As.                                           Astigmatism

AS                                           Left ear (auris sinistra)

ASD                                         Atrial septal defect

AsH                                         Hypermetropic astigmatism

ASHD                                      Arteriosclerotic heart disease

AsM                                         Myopic astigmatism

ASS                                         Anterior superior spine

AST                                         Aspartate aminotransferase

                                                    (formerly SGOT)

Ast                                           Astigmatism

ATS                                         Anxiety tension state;

                                                    antitetanic serum

AU                                           Angstrˆm unit

Au                                            Gold

A-V;AV; A/V                             Arteriovenous;

                                                    atrioventricular

Av                                            Average or avoirdupois

ax                                            Axis

B                                              Boron; bacillus

Ba                                            Barium

BAC                                         Buccoaxiocervical

Bact                                         Bacterium

BBB                                         Blood-brain barrier

BBT                                         Basal body temperature

BE                                           Barium enema

Be                                            Beryllium

BFP                                         Biologically false positivity

                                                    (in syphilis tests)

Bi                                             Bismuth

Bib                                           Drink

bid; b.i.d.                                Twice a day (bis in die)

BM                                           Bowel movement

BMR                                        Basal metabolic rate

BP                                           Blood pressure; buccopulpal

bp                                            Boiling point

BPH                                         Benign prostatic hypertrophy

BRP                                         Bathroom privileges

BSA                                         Body surface area

BSP                                         Bromsulphalein

BUN                                        Blood urea nitrogen

C                                             Carbon; centigrade; Celsius

c                                              With

Calb                                          Albumin clearance

Ccr                                           Creatinine clearance

Cin                                           Inulin clearance

CA                                           Chronologic age; cervicoaxial

Ca                                           Calcium, cancer, carcinoma

CABS                                      Coronary artery bypass surgery

CaCO3                                    Calcium carbonate

Cal                                          Large calorie

cal                                           Small calorie

CAT                                         Computerized (axial) tomography scan

CBC or cbc                             Complete blood count

CC                                           Chief complaint

cc                                            Cubic centimeter

CCI4                                        Carbon tetrachloride

CCU                                        Coronary care unit;

                                                    critical care unit

cf                                             Compare or bring together

CFT                                         Complement-fixation test

Cg; Cgm                                 Centigram

CH                                           Crown-heel (length of fetus)

CHCL3                                     Chloroform

CH3COOH                              Acetic acid

ChE                                         Cholinesterase

CHF                                        Congestive heart failure

C5H4N4O3                                Uric acid

C2H6O                                     Ethyl alcohol

CH2O                                      Formaldehyde

CH4O                                      Methyl alcohol

Cl                                            Chlorine

cm                                           Centimeter

CMR                                        Cerebral metabolic rate

CNS                                        Central nervous system

c/o                                           Complains of

CO                                          Carbon monoxide

CO2                                         Carbon dioxide

Co                                           Cobalt

CPC                                        Clinicopathologic conference

CPD                                        Cephalopelvic disproportion

CPR                                        Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

CR                                           Crown-rump length (length of fetus)

CSF                                         Cerebrospinal fluid

CSM                                        Cerebrospinal meningitis

CT                                           Computed tomography

Cu                                           Copper

CuSO4                                     Copper sulfate

CVA                                         Cerebrovascular accident;

                                                    costovertebral angle

CVP                                         Central venous pressure

cyl                                           Cylinder

D                                             Dose; vitamin D; right (dexter)

DAH                                        Disordered action of the heart

D & C                                      Dilation (dilatation) and curettage

DC                                           Direct current

DCA                                        Deoxycorticosterone acetate

Dcg                                         Degeneration; degree

dg                                           Decigram

diff                                           Differential blood count

dil                                            Dilute or dissolve

dim                                          One half

DJD                                         Degenerative joint disease

dl                                             Deciliter

DNA                                        Deoxyribonucleic acid

DOA                                        Dead on arrival

dr                                            Dram

DTR                                        Deep tendon reflex

Dx                                           Diagnosis

E                                              Eye

EAHF                                      Eczema, asthma, and hayfever

ECG                                        Electrocardiogram,

                                                    electrocardiograph

ECT                                         Electroconvulsive therapy

ED                                           Erythema dose, effective dose

ED50                                        Median effective dose

EDC                                        Estimated date of confinement

EDD                                        Estimated date of delivery

EEG                                        Electroencephalogram,

                                                    electroencephalograph

EENT                                      Eye, ear, nose, and throat

EKG                                        Electrocardiogram,

                                                    electrocardiograph

Em                                           Emmetropia

EMB                                        Eosin-methylene blue

EMC                                        Encephalomyocarditis

EMF                                        Erythrocyte maturation factor

EMG                                        Electromyogram

EMS                                        Emergency medical service

ENT                                         Ear, nose, and throat

EOM                                        Extraocular movement

EPR                                         Electrophrenic respiration

ER                                           Emergency room (hospital);

                                                    external resistance

ERG                                        Electroretinogram

ERPF                                      Effective renal plasma flow

ESR                                         Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

EST                                         Electroshock therapy

Et                                             Ethyl

ext                                           Extract

F                                              Fahrenheit; field of vision; formula

FA                                           Fatty acid

FANA                                      Fluorescent antinuclear antibody test

F & R                                       Force and rhythm (pulse)

FBS                                         Fasting blood sugar

ED                                           Fatal dose; focal distance

Fe                                            Iron

FeCl3                                       Ferric chloride

Fl                                             Fluid

fld                                            Fluid

fl dr                                         Fluid dram

fl oz                                         Fluid ounce

FR                                           Flocculation reaction

FSH                                         Follicle-stimulating hormone

ft                                              Foot

FUO                                        Fever of unknown origin

Gm; g; gm                              Gram

GA                                           Gingivoaxial

Galv                                        Galvanic

GB                                           Gallbladder

GBS                                        Gallbladder series

GC                                          Gonococcus or gonorrheal

GFR                                        Glomerular filtration rate

GH                                          Growth hormone

GI                                            Gastrointestinal

GL                                           Greatest length (small flexed embryo)

GLA                                         Gingivolinguoaxial

GP                                           General practitioner; general paresis

gr                                            Grain

Grad                                       By degrees (gradatim)

Grav I, II, III, etc.                     Pregnancy one, two, three,

                                                                etc. (gravida)

GSW                                       Gunshot wound

gt                                             Drop (gutta)

GTT                                        Glucose tolerance test

gtt                                            Drops (guttae)

GU                                          Genitourinary

Gyn                                         Gynecology

H                                             Hydrogen

H+                                           Hydrogen ion

H & E                                       Hematoxylin and eosin stain

Hb; Hgb                                  Hemoglobin

H3BO3                                     Boric acid

HC                                           Hospital corps

HCG                                        Human chorionic gonadotropin

HCHO                                     Formaldehyde

HCl                                          Hydrochloric acid

HCN                                        Hydrocyanic acid

H2CO3                                     Carbonic acid

HCT                                        Hematocrit

HD                                           Hearing distance

HDL                                         High density lipoprotein

HDLW                                     Distance at which a watch is heard by

                                                    the left ear

HDRW                                    Distance at which a watch is heard by

                                                    the right ear

He                                           Helium

HEENT                                    Head, eye, ear, hose, and throat

Hg                                           Mercury

Hgb                                         Hemoglobin

HIV                                          Human immunodeficiency (AIDS) virus

HNO3                                      Nitric acid

H2O                                         Water

H2O2                                        Hydrogen peroxide

HOP                                        High oxygen pressure

H2SO4                                     Sulfuric acid

Ht                                            Total hyperopia

Hy                                           Hyperopia

I                                               Iodine

131I                                           Radioactive isotope of iodine

                                                    (atomic weight 131)

132I                                           Radioactive isotope of iodine

                                                    (atomic weight 132)

IB                                             Inclusion body

IBW                                         Ideal body weight

ICP                                          Intracranial pressure

ICS                                          Intercostal space

ICSH                                       Interstitial cell-stimulating hormone

ICT                                          Inflammation of connective tissue

ICU                                          Intensive care unit

Id.                                            The same (idem)

IH                                            Infectious hepatitis

IM                                            Intramuscular; infectious mononucleosis

IOP                                          Intraocular pressure

IQ                                            Intelligence quotient

IS                                             Intercostal space

IU                                            Immunizing unit

IV                                             Intravenous

IVP                                          Intravenous pyelogram,

                                                    intravenous push

IVT                                          Intravenous transfusion

IVU                                          Intravenous urogram/urography

K                                              Potassium

k                                              Constant

Ka                                            Cathode or kathode

KBr                                          Potassium bromide

kc                                            Kilocycle

KCl                                          Potassium chloride

kev                                          Kilo electron volts

kg                                            Kilogram

KI                                             Potassium iodide

kj                                             Knee jerk

km                                           Kilometer

KOH                                        Potassium hydroxide

KUB                                         Kidney, ureter, and bladder

kv                                            Kilovolt

kw                                           Kilowatt

L                                              Left; liter; length; lumbar;

                                                    lethal; pound

L & A                                       Light and accommodation

lb                                             Pound (libra)

LB                                            Large bowel (x-ray film)

LCM                                        Left costal margin

LD                                           Lethal dose; perception of light difference

LDL                                         Low density lipoprotein

LE                                            Lupus erythematosus

l.e.s.                                        Local excitatory state

LFD                                         Least fatal dose of a toxin

LH                                           Luteinizing hormone

Li                                             Lithium

LIF                                           Left iliac fossa

lig                                            Ligament

Liq                                           Liquor

LLL                                          Left lower lobe

LLQ                                         Left lower quadrant

LMP                                         Last menstrual period

LP                                            Lumbar puncture

LPF                                         Leukocytosis-promoting factor

LTH                                         Luteotrophic hormone

LUL                                         Left upper lobe

LUQ                                        Left upper quadrant

LV                                            Left ventricle

L & W                                      Living and well

M                                             Myopia; meter; muscle; thousand

m                                             Meter

MA                                           Mental age

Mag                                         Large (magnus)

MAP                                        Mean arterial pressure

MBD                                        Minimal brain dysfunction

mc; mCi                                  Millicurie

c                                              Microcurie

mcg                                         Microgram

MCH                                        Mean corpuscular hemoglobin

MCHC                                     Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration

MCV                                        Mean corpuscular volume

Me                                           Methyl

MED                                        Minimal erythema dose;

                                                    minimal effective dose

mEq                                        Milliequivalent

mEq/L                                     Milliequivalent per liter

ME ratio                                  Myeloid-erythroid ratio

Mg                                           Magnesium

mg                                           Milligram

g                                              Microgram

MHD                                        Minimal hemolytic dose

m Hg                                       Millimeters of mercury

MI                                            Myocardial infarction

MID                                         Minimum infective dose

ML                                           Midline

ml                                            Milliliter

MLD                                        Median or minimum lethal dose

MM                                          Mucous membrane

mm                                          Millimeter, muscles

mmm                                       Millimicron

m                                             Millimicron

                                                Micromicron

Mn                                           Manganese

mN                                          Millinormal

MRI                                         Magnetic resonance imaging

MS                                           Multiple sclerosis

MSL                                         Midsternal line

MT                                           Medical technologist;

                                                    membrane tympani

mu                                           Mouse unit

MW                                         Molecular weight

My                                           Myopia

N                                             Nitrogen

n                                              Normal

Na                                           Sodium

NaBr                                        Sodium bromide

NaCl                                        Sodium chloride

Na2C2O4                                  Sodium oxalate

Na2CO3                                   Sodium carbonate

NAD                                        No appreciable disease

NaF                                         Sodium fluoride

NaHCO3                                  Sodium bicarbonate

Na2HPO4                                 Sodium phosphate

NAI                                          Sodium iodide

NaNO3                                    Sodium nitrate

Na2O2                                      Sodium peroxide

NaOH                                      Sodium hydroxide

Na2SO4                                   Sodium sulfate

NCA                                        Neurocirculatory asthenia

Ne                                           Neon

NH3                                         Ammonia

Ni                                            Nickel

NIH                                          National Institutes of Health

NMR                                        Nuclear magnetic resonance

NPN                                        Nonprotein nitrogen

NPO; n.p.o.                            Nothing by mouth (non per os)

NRC                                        Normal retinal        correspondence

NTP                                         Normal temperature and pressure

NYD                                        Not yet diagnosed

O                                             Oxygen; oculus; pint

O2                                            Oxygen; both eyes

O3                                            Ozone

OB                                           Obstetrics

OBS                                        Organic brain syndrome

OD                                          Right eye (oculus dexter); optical density

OPD                                        Outpatient department

OR                                          Operating room

ORIF                                       Open reduction and internal fixation

OS                                           Left eye (oculus sinister)

Os                                           Osmium

OT                                           Occupational therapy

OTD                                        Organ tolerance dose

OU                                          Each eye (oculus uterque)

oz;                                           Ounce

P                                              Phosphorus; pulse; pupil

P2                                            Pulmonic second sound

P-A; P/A; PA                            Posterior-anterior

P & A                                       Percussion and auscultation

PAB; PABA                              Para-aminobenzoic acid      

Pap test                                  Papanicolaou smear

Para I, II, III, etc,                     Unipara, bipara, tripara, etc.

PAS; PASA                              Para-aminosalicylic acid

Pb                                            Lead

PBi                                          Protein-bound iodine

PCV                                         Packed cell volume

PD                                           Interpupillary distance

pd                                           Prism diopter; pupillary distance

PDA                                         Patent ductus arteriosus

PDR                                        Physician's Desk Reference

PE                                           Physical examination

PEG                                        Pneumoencephalography

PET                                         Positron emission tomography

PFF                                         Protein-free filtrate

PGA                                        Pteroylglutamic acid (folic acid)

PH                                           Past history

pH                                           Hydrogen ion concentration (alkalinity

                                                    and acidity in urine and blood analysis)

Pharm; Phar.                          Pharmacy

PI                                             Previous illness; protamine insulin

PID                                          Pelvic inflammatory disease

PK                                           Psychokinesis

PKU                                         Phenylketonuria

PL                                            Light perception

PM                                           Postmortem; evening

PMB                                        Polymorphonuclear basophil leukocytes

PME                                        Polymorphonuclear eosinophil leukocytes

PMI                                          Point of maximal impulse

PMN                                        Polymorphonuclear neutrophil leukocytes (polys)

PMS                                        Premenstrual syndrome

PN                                           Percussion note

PNH                                        Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria

PO; p.o.                                  Orally (per os)

PPD                                         Purified protein derivative (TB test)

Pr                                            Presbyopia; prism

PRN, p.r.n                              As required (pro re nata)

pro time                                  Prothrombin time

PSP                                         Phenolsulfonphthalein

pt                                             Pint

Pt                                             Platinum; patient

PT                                           Prothrombin time; physical therapy

PTA                                         Plasma thromboplastin antecedent

PTC                                         Plasma thromboplastin component

PTT                                         Partial thromboplastin time

Pu                                            Plutonium

PUO                                        Pyrexia of unknown origin

Px                                            Pneumothorax

PZI                                          Protamine zinc insulin

Q                                             Electric quantity

qns                                         Quantity not sufficient

qt                                             Quart

Quat                                        Four (quattuor)

R                                             Respiration; right; Rickettsia; roentgen

                                                Take

RA                                           Rheumatoid arthritis

Ra                                           Radium

rad                                          Unit of measurement of the absorbed

                                                    dose of ionizing radiation; root

RAI                                          Radioactive iodine

RAIU                                       Radioactive iodine uptake

RBC; rbc                                 Red blood cell; red blood count

RCD                                        Relative cardiac dullness

RCM                                        Right costal margin

RE                                           Right eye;

                                                    reticuloendothelial tissue or cell

Re                                           Rhenium

Rect                                        Rectified

Reg umb                                 Umbilical region

RES                                         Reticuloendothelial system

Rh                                           Symbol of rhesus factor;

                                                    symbol for rhodium

RhA                                         Rheumatoid arthritis

RHD                                        Relative hepatic dullness,

                                                    rheumatic heart disease

RLL                                         Right lower lobe

RLQ                                        Right lower quadrant

RM                                          Respiratory movement

RML                                        Right middle lobe of lung

Rn                                           Radon

RNA                                        Ribonucleic acid

R/O                                         Rule out

RPF                                         Renal plasma flow

RPM; rpm                               Revolutions per minute

RPS                                         Renal pressor substance

RQ                                          Respiratory quotient

RT                                           Reading test

RU                                           Rat unit

RUL                                         Right upper lobe

RUQ                                        Right upper quadrant

S                                              Sulfur

S.                                             Sacral

S-A; S/A; SA                            Sinoatrial

SAS                                         Sodium acetate solution

SB                                           Small bowel (x-ray film), sternal border

Sb                                            Antimony

SC                                           Closure of semilunar valves

Se                                            Selenium

SD                                           Skin dose

Sed rate                                  Sedimentation rate

SGOT                                     Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase

SGPT                                      Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase

SH                                           Serum hepatitis

S.I.                                           Soluble insulin

Si                                             Silicon

SIDS                                        Sudden infant death syndrome

Sn                                           Tin

SOB                                        Shortness of breath

sol                                           Solution, dissolved

SP                                           Spirit

sp. gr., SG, s.g.                     Specific gravity

sph                                         Spherical

SPI                                          Serum precipitable iodine

spir                                         Spirit

SR                                           Sedimentation rate

Sr                                            Strontium

SSS                                         Specific soluble substance,

                                                    sick sinus syndrome

sss                                          Layer upon layer (stratum super stratum)

St                                             Let it stand (stet; stent)

Staph                                      Staphylococcus

stat                                          Immediately (statim)

STD                                         Sexually transmitted disease,

                                                    skin test dose

STH                                         Somatotrophic hormone

Strep                                       Streptococcus

STS                                         Serologic test for syphilis

STU                                         Skin test unit

sv                                            Alcoholic spirit (spiritus vini)

Sym                                         Symmetrical

T                                              Temperature; thoracic

t                                               Temporal

T3                                            Triiodothyronine

T4                                            Thyroxine

TA                                           Toxin-antitoxin

Ta                                            Tantalum

T & A                                       Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy

TAB                                         Vaccine against typhoid,

                                                    paratyphoid A and B

Tab                                          Tablet

TAH                                         Total abdominal hysterectomy

TAM                                        Toxoid-antitoxoid mixture

TAT                                         Toxin-antitoxin, tetanus antitoxin

TB                                           Tuberculin; tuberculosis;

                                                    tubercle bacillus

Tb                                            Terbium

TCA                                         Tetrachloracetic acid

Te                                            Tellurium; tetanus

TEM                                        Triethylene melamine

Th                                           Thorium

TIA                                          Transient ischemic attack

TIBC                                        Total iron-binding capacity

Tl                                             Thallium

Tm                                           Thulium; symbol for maximal tubular

                                                    excretory capacity (kidneys)

TNT                                         Trinitrotoluene

TNTC                                      Too numerous to mention

TP                                           Tuberculin precipitation

TPI                                          Treponema pallidum immobilization

                                                    test for syphilis

TPR                                         Temperature, pulse, and respiration

tr                                              Tincture

Trans D                                  Transverse diameter

TRU                                        Turbidity reducing unit

TS                                           Test solution

TSH                                         Thyroid-stimulating hormone

TSP                                         Trisodium phosphate

TST                                         Triple sugar iron test

TUR; TURP                            Transurethral resection

U                                             Uranium; unit

UA                                           Urinalysis

UBI                                          Ultraviolet blood irradiation

UIBC                                       Unsaturated iron-binding capacity

Umb; umb                               Umbilicus

URI                                          Upper respiratory infection

US                                           Ultrasonic

USP                                         U.S. Pharmacopeia

V                                              Vanadium; vision; visual acuity

v                                              Volt

VA                                           Visual acuity

V & T                                       Volume and tension

VC                                           Vital capacity

VD                                           Venereal disease

VDA                                         Visual discriminatory acuity

VDG                                        Venereal disease—gonorrhea

VDM                                        Vasodepressor material

VDRL                                      Venereal Disease Research Laboratories

                                                    (sometimes used loosely to mean

                                                    venereal disease report)

VDS                                         Venereal disease—syphilis

VEM                                        Vasoexcitor material

Vf                                             Field of vision

VHD                                        Valvular heart disease

VIA                                          Virus inactivating agent

VLDL                                       Very low density lipoprotein

VMA                                        Vanillylmandelic acid

VR                                           Vocal resonance

VS                                           Volumetric solution

Vs                                            Venisection

VsB                                         Bleeding in arm (venaesectio brachii)

VSD                                         Ventricular septal defect

VW                                          Vessel wall

W                                            Tungsten

w                                             Watt

WBC; wbc                               White blood cell; white blood count

WD                                          Well developed

WL                                          Wavelength

WN                                          Well nourished

WR                                          Wassermann reaction

wt                                            Weight

X-ray                                       Roentgen ray

Z                                              Symbol for atomic number

Zn                                           Zinc

Zz            Ginger


আপলোডের তারিখ: ০৬/১০/২০১২

গ্রন্থনা: শিহাব উদ্দিন আহমেদ

 
আরো পড়ুন
 

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